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18Jun/101

FreeBSD: How To Create a Network Bridge

A device that connects two networks together into two separate network segments without having to create IP subnets and use a router to connect the segments together is called a "bridge".

To create a bridge use ifconfig command:

ifconfig bridge create

A bridge interface is created and is automatically assigned a randomly generated Ethernet address.

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18Jun/102

UNIX Tools: vmstat – report virtual memory statistics

vmstat is a computer system monitor tool that collects and displays summary information about operating system memory, processes, interrupts, paging and block I/O information.

vmstat

vmstat sample output

vmstat usage:

vmstat [-V] [-n] [delay [count]]

-V prints version.
-n causes the headers not to be reprinted regularly.
-a print inactive/active page stats.
-d prints disk statistics
-D prints disk table
-p prints disk partition statistics
-s prints vm table
-m prints slabinfo
-S unit size
delay is the delay between updates in seconds.
unit size k:1000 K:1024 m:1000000 M:1048576 (default is K)
count is the number of updates.

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